Best universities in Canada for Science

Margin Notes | Canada adrift in ocean science

The research icebreaker Amundsen, which conducts annual research trips through the Arctic as part of ArcticNet, is featured on Canada’s 0 bill.A Mari Usque Ad Mare. That, of course, is the motto for Canada, “From sea to sea.” But it should really be “From sea to sea to sea, ” in recognition that we are bordered by three ocean basins, not two. We also, incidentally, have the world’s longest coastline.

That’s all to say that you’d think Canada would be good at ocean science, out of necessity and self-interest. And you’d be mostly right: Canada ranks among the top countries in output and impact of ocean science papers.

However, a new report released today from the Council of Canadian Academies warns that our relative position in this area is at risk due to a lack of collaboration and coordination among all the players. What’s more, this slippage is happening at the moment that the world’s oceans are facing unprecedented pressures from climate change, ocean acidification and demands on ocean resources.

The expert panel report, Ocean Science in Canada: Meeting the Challenge, Seizing the Opportunity, was chaired by David Strangway, who, among other things, is the former president and CEO of the Canada Foundation for Innovation and former president of the University of British Columbia. Also on the panel was Louis Fortier, a highly regarded marine scientist and professor at Université Laval, and head of ArcticNet, a Network of Centres of Excellence of Canada. The assessment was requested by the Canadian Consortium of Ocean Research Universities, a group of nine Canadian universities involved in ocean science research.

One of NEPTUNE’s remotely operated vehicles, dubbed Wally, gets a cleaning. Credit: Ocean Networks CanadaThe report starts with an accounting of the current “state and capacity” of ocean science in Canada. This section has a decidedly “one the one hand †on the other hand” quality to it. For every positive element noted by the panel, it seemed to find a corresponding negative one.

Looking first at human capacity, the report noted that, despite a steady increase in undergraduate and graduate students in many fields related to ocean science from 2001 to 2009, it is “unclear whether overall trends in human capacity are positive on balance.” This is because of a serious lack of data – “a particular concern, since human capacity determines the use and productivity of all other elements of ocean science capacity.”

Canada also has a substantial – but aging – research fleet. Half of these vessels were built over 25 years ago, and “older vessels lead to more breakdowns, higher costs and operational days lost to maintenance.”

In a similar vein, the report said Canada has several world-class systems for ocean observation and monitoring. These include the 800-kilometre-long NEPTUNE cabled ocean observatory off the west coast of Vancouver Island and the Ocean Tracking Network headquartered at Dalhousie University at the other end of the country. However, the report said, “While these systems are ground-breaking and will attract leading ocean scientists from around the world, challenges exist with regard to the geographical coverage of observation and monitoring, in particular in the Arctic.”

Here is a link for you.

by edugirl

I am familar with the path for becoming a physician in the U.S., and just discovered that the American Association of Medical Colleges appears to cover medical schools in the U.S. and Canada:
So this is a good starting resource for you. You should be sure to use this website as it pertains to Canadian medical school applicants only.
In the U.S. the minimum prerequisites for medical school admission are a year each of biology, chemistry, and physics, with at least two quarters or a year of organic chemistry, depending on the medical school

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